Veenweidegebieden in transitie
Gert Jan van den Born, Arjen van Hinsberg & Frank van Dam
veenweiden, bodemdaling, klimaatmitigatie/-adaptatie, biodiversiteit, verstedelijking
Voor het veenweidegebied liggen er de nodige opgaven en uitdagingen, zoals het beperken van bodemdaling, klimaatmitigatie en -adaptatie, aandacht voor de achteruitgang in biodiversiteit en de druk door verstedelijking. Dit levert nieuwe dilemma’s op, maar biedt ook nieuwe mogelijkheden. Het vraagt ook om heldere beleidsafwegingen, die hun invloed zullen hebben op het toekomstige landschap en zijn functies.
Peatland meadows in transition
peatland meadows, soil subsidence, climate adaptation and mitigation, biodiversity, urbanization
The history of the peatland meadows has learned that adaptation to changes in biophysical or economic conditions was a common practice in the past. Nowadays, new or more intensely addressed topics are becoming part of new challenges in the near future. All supposed to lead to a more sustainable use and maintenance of peatland meadows. These topics are: soil subsidence, adaptation to climate change, climate mitigation measures, biodiversity – especially the meadow birds – and the pressure due to urbanization. The growing concern for climate change has triggered the attention to peatland meadows. This because drained peat soils emit greenhouse gases. In this perspective the attention for climate change can be seen as the game changer for the peatland meadows. The attention also triggered the thinking about other challenges such as targets for biodiversity. We conclude that in a transition the different goals should be addressed in an integrated way and with a regional focus e.g. at the level of a polder. Important as well is to include regional specific developments like urbanization and rural developments and agricultural challenges. Key concepts are environmental quality and vitality of the rural areas. We must accept that the current landscape of the peatland meadows will change. The best we can do is to take the historical landscape as a starting point for unavoidable transitions and future changes. It is not just a technical or governance challenge, but also a spatial design assignment.
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