De bijdrage van Nederlandse en Franse landschapsarchitecten aan de energietransitie vergeleken

Roberta Pistoni & Sven Stremke

energietransitie, energielandschap, research on design, landschapsarchitectuur, enquête

Voor de transitie naar hernieuwbare energie is ruimte nodig (Sijmons et al., 2014) en op veel plekken leidt deze transitie al tot veranderende landschappen (Pasqualetti & Stremke, 2018). Landschapsarchitectuur – gericht op het ontwerpen, plannen en beheren van landschappen – kan als vakgebied een centrale rol spelen in de energietransitie (zie bijv. Sijmons et al., 2017). Steeds meer landschapsarchitecten beginnen dan ook hernieuwbare energie in hun projecten te betrekken. In dit artikel geven we een overzicht van de bijdrage van landschapsarchitecten aan de energietransitie en bespreken deze aan de hand van de situatie in Nederland en Frankrijk.

Practices in transition. A Comparison of how Dutch and French landscape architects contribute to energy transition

Energy transition, energy landscape, landscape architecture, research on design, questionnaire

The transition to renewable energy has started to affect landscapes in many countries, raising the interest of many disciplines. This research examines the involvement and contribution of landscape architects to energy-related projects. It compares the situation in The Netherlands with that in France making use of an online questionnaire. Results show that two thirds of the practitioners in both countries have been working on energy related projects. Another 15-20% sustain that they would like to develop this kind of project. In the Netherlands, we witness a prevailing involvement of practitioners in the siting of energy technologies as well as the creation of long-term scenarios. In France, we observe a focus on mobility and energy savings. The research reveals that the different landscape architecture legacies in the two countries transcend into energy-related projects; historical characteristics are re-enforced, not without implications. The French focus on garden and park design, for example, may impede if not prohibit their contribution to long-term and strategic challenges such as energy transition. The Dutch, on the contrary, have been involved in the shaping of the land across spatio-temporal scales for long and evidence suggests that they maintain this role. To them, the challenge lies in the acceleration of a more sustainable energy transition which, to date, is almost exclusively determined by economical considerations.

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